A dental implant is part of an artificial tooth used to replace missing teeth. The implant is generally made of metal and replaces the root of the tooth. It is topped by an artificial crown that looks like the exposed part of a tooth.
Types of Dental Implants
There are three main types of dental implants: transosteal implants, subperiosteal implants and endosseous implants. A transosteal implant (“through the bone”) can be a U-shaped frame or a metal pin. They drill through the jawbone up into the gums. A subperiosteal implant (“on top of the bone”) is a metal framework that sits on top of the jawbone, but is underneath the gums. An endosseous (“within the bone”) implant looks like a screw, blade or cylinder, and it sits within the jawbone. It is also sometimes called an endosteal implant, and it is the most commonly used type of implant.
What is an Endosseous Implant Made of?
Modern endosseous dental implants are usually made of titanium or a titanium alloy. In 1952, a Swedish scientist named Per-Ingvar Brånemark discovered that titanium bonds well with bone and is highly “biocompatible.” The latter trait means that titanium has no bad effects on the human body. It does not trigger rejection or allergic reactions.
What Does the Placement of the Implant Involve?
Placing an endosseous dental implant is a two-stage procedure. During the first stage, the implant is placed in the patient’s jawbone. In the second stage, the specialist will attach the artificial tooth to the implant. Over the next several months after the first stage, the implant and the jawbone will bond. After the bonding process has completed, the specialist will begin the second stage.
How Long Do Implants Last?
With good oral care, endosseous dental implants can last decades. The world’s first implant patient got their implant in 1965 – and still had it over 40 years later!
Who is a Good Candidate for Endosseous Dental Implants?
Generally speaking, anybody who is healthy enough to have a tooth extracted or undergo other types of oral surgery is a good candidate for an implant. Children, however, are usually not good candidates, because their bones are still growing and developing.
Learn More Today
At the dental practice of Dr. Samuel F. Jirik in Cabot, our team of dental experts can evaluate your mouth and determine if you are a good candidate for endosseous dental implants. We are happy to serve the Little Rock area. Contact us today to schedule your appointment.